Category Archives: The Anti-Federalist Papers

Writings of those who warned that the Constitution would be used to overwhelm the states and suppress the rights of the people.

From North Carolina

From North Carolina Mr. JOSEPH TAYLOR objected to the provision made for impeaching. He urged that there could be no security from it, as the persons accused were triable by the Senate, who were a part of the legislature themselves; … Continue reading

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Will the Constitution Promote the Interests of Favorite Classes?

Will the Constitution Promote the Interests of Favorite Classes? John F. Mercer We have not that permanent and fixed distinction of ranks or orders of men among us, which unalterably separating the interests and views, produces that division in pursuits … Continue reading

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The Danger of Congressional Control of Elections

The Danger of Congressional Control of Elections VOX POPULI The Massachusetts Gazette, October 30, 1787 . . I beg leave to lay before the candid public the first clause in the fourth section of the first article of the proposed … Continue reading

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A Plea for the Right of Recall

A Plea for the Right of Recall by AMICUS Columbian Herald, August 28, 1788 Some time before a Convention of the United States was held, I mentioned in a paragraph which was published in one of the Charlestown papers, that … Continue reading

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On the Guarantee of Congressional Biennial Elections

On the Guarantee of Congressional Biennial Elections Consider Arms, Malichi Maynard, and Samuel Field. The Hampshire Gazette of April 9, 1788 We the subscribers being of the number, who did not assent to the ratification of the federal constitution, under … Continue reading

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Do Checks and Balances Really Secure the Rights of the People?

Do Checks and Balances Really Secure the Rights of the People? Carlisle, Pennsylvania, 1788 The present is an active period. Europe is in a ferment breaking their constitutions; America is in a similar state, making a constitution. For this valuable … Continue reading

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On Constitutional Conventions—Part I

On Constitutional Conventions—Part I The Massachusetts Gazette of January 29, 1788 That the new constitution cannot make a union of states, but only of individuals, and purposes the beginning of one new society, one new government in all matters, is … Continue reading

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Powers of National Government Dangerous to States

Powers of National Government Dangerous to States by Robert Yates New York Daily Patriotic Register, June 13 and 14, 1788 TO THE CITIZENS OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK. Although a variety of objections to the proposed new constitution for … Continue reading

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What Congress Can Do; What A State Can Not

What Congress Can Do; What A State Can Not by DELIBERATOR The Freeman’s Journal and The North-American Intelligencer, February 20, 1788. A writer in the Pennsylvania Packet, under the signature of A Freeman, has lately entered the lists as another … Continue reading

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Appearance and Reality—The Form is Federal; The Effect is National

Appearance and Reality—The Form is Federal; The Effect is National Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer April 15 and 22, 1788 .… The Freeman, in his second number, after mentioning in a very delusory manner diverse powers which remain with the states, says … Continue reading

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